JavaScript Change CSS Variable Root

JavaScript Change CSS Variable Root
Code Snippet:CSS Variables
Author: Aleksandar Sandro Cvetković
Published: January 14, 2024
Last Updated: January 22, 2024
Downloads: 487
License: MIT
Edit Code online: View on CodePen
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This JavaScript code enables you to change CSS root variable values in HTML and update the page’s styling. The core function involves dynamically altering CSS variables using input elements like sliders and color pickers. This allows you to customize aspects like spacing, color, and blur, enhancing the visual design of your webpage.

It empowers you to enhance user experience by letting them control spacing, color, and blur effects, all in real-time.

How to Change Root CSS Variable Using JavaScript

1. First, create the HTML structure for your project. Inside the <div class="controls">, add input elements like sliders and color pickers. These inputs will allow users to interact with your CSS variables:

<h2>Update CSS Variables with <span class="hl">JS</span></h2>

    <div class="controls">
      <label for="spacing">Spacing:</label>
      <input
        id="spacing"
        type="range"
        name="spacing"
        min="10"
        max="200"
        value="10"
        data-sizing="px"
      />

      <label for="blur">Blur:</label>
      <input
        id="blur"
        type="range"
        name="blur"
        min="0"
        max="25"
        value="10"
        data-sizing="px"
      />

      <label for="base">Base Color</label>
      <input id="base" type="color" name="base" value="#ffc600" />
    </div>

    <img src="https://source.unsplash.com/7bwQXzbF6KE/800x500" />

2. In your CSS, define the CSS variables you want to control. These variables will be used to update the styling of your web page. You can set initial values for these variables in the :root selector.

:root {
  /* CSS Variables */
  --base: #ffc600;
  --spacing: 10px;
  --blur: 10px;
}

img {
  padding: var(--spacing);
  background: var(--base);
  filter: blur(var(--blur));
}

.hl {
  color: var(--base);
}

body {
  text-align: center;
  background: #193549;
  color: white;
  font-family: "helvetica neue", sans-serif;
  font-weight: 100;
  font-size: 50px;
}

.controls {
  margin-bottom: 50px;
}

input {
  width: 100px;
}

3. Finally, use the following JavaScript code to update CSS variables dynamically. It selects the input elements and adds event listeners to them. When users interact with these input elements, the handleUpdate function is triggered, dynamically updating the CSS variables according to the user’s input.

const inputs = document.querySelectorAll(".controls input");
console.log(inputs);

function handleUpdate() {
  const suffix = this.dataset.sizing || "";
  document.documentElement.style.setProperty(
    `--${this.name}`,
    this.value + suffix
  );
}

inputs.forEach(input => input.addEventListener("change", handleUpdate));
inputs.forEach(input => input.addEventListener("mousemove", handleUpdate));

That’s all! hopefully, you have successfully created a functionality to change CSS variables using JavaScript. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to comment below.

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