Mobile Bottom Navigation Bar HTML CSS

Mobile Bottom Navigation Bar HTML CSS
Code Snippet:Mobile Fixed Bottom Nav
Author: Cesar Hernández
Published: January 16, 2024
Last Updated: January 22, 2024
Downloads: 13,818
License: MIT
Edit Code online: View on CodePen
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This HTML and CSS code snippet helps you to create a bottom fixed navigation for mobile view. It uses CSS position property with absolute value to set the navigation at the bottom of the screen. You can also use fixed value to make it sticky while scrolling page content.

How to Create Mobile Bottom Navigation in Bar HTML & CSS

1. In first step, load the Google fonts API into the head tag of your HTML document.

<link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/icon?family=Material+Icons" rel="stylesheet"><link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/normalize/5.0.0/normalize.min.css">

2. Now, create the HTML structure for bottom navigation as follows:

<h1>Mobile Fixed Bottom Nav</h1>
<h2>Bottom</h2>

<nav class="mobile-bottom-nav">
	<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item mobile-bottom-nav__item--active">
		<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item-content">
			<i class="material-icons">home</i>
			one
		</div>		
	</div>
	<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item">		
		<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item-content">
			<i class="material-icons">mail</i>
			two
		</div>
	</div>
	<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item">
		<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item-content">
			<i class="material-icons">person</i>
			three
		</div>		
	</div>
	
	<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item">
		<div class="mobile-bottom-nav__item-content">
			<i class="material-icons">phone</i>
			four
		</div>		
	</div>
</nav> 

3. Style the navigation using the following CSS styles:

body {
  padding: 10px;
  padding-bottom: 50px;
}

h1 {
  margin-bottom: 2000px;
}
/* For Demo only */
.cd__main{
   position: relative;
   width: 360px !important;
   height: 720px;
   border: 2px solid #bbb;
}
/* end demo only */
.mobile-bottom-nav {
  position: absolute;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  z-index: 1000;
  will-change: transform;
  transform: translateZ(0);
  display: flex;
  height: 50px;
  box-shadow: 0 -2px 5px -2px #333;
  background-color: #fff;
}
.mobile-bottom-nav__item {
  flex-grow: 1;
  text-align: center;
  font-size: 12px;
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
}
.mobile-bottom-nav__item--active {
  color: red;
}
.mobile-bottom-nav__item-content {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
}

4. Finally, add the following JavaScript function to make the link active when clicked.

var navItems = document.querySelectorAll(".mobile-bottom-nav__item");
navItems.forEach(function(e, i) {
	e.addEventListener("click", function(e) {
		navItems.forEach(function(e2, i2) {
			e2.classList.remove("mobile-bottom-nav__item--active");
		})
		this.classList.add("mobile-bottom-nav__item--active");
	});
});

That’s all! hopefully, you have successfully created mobile bottom navigation bar using HTML and CSS. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to comment below.

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