Simple Parallax Effect in Vanilla JavaScript

Simple Parallax Effect in Vanilla JavaScript
Code Snippet:The Simplest parallax effect in vanilla JS
Author: P. Rachel
Published: January 11, 2024
Last Updated: January 22, 2024
Downloads: 3,771
License: MIT
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This Vanilla JavaScript code snippet helps you to create a simple parallax scrolling effect. It parallax the header image on scroll event with CSS transformation property.

How to Create Simple Parallax Effect in Vanilla JavaScript

1. First of all, create header element with a class name “parallax-wrapper” and place a div element with a class name “parallax” inside it. The parallax element is the header element of your hero section. Create the main element just after the header and place your content inside it.

<header class="parallax-wrapper">
  <div class="parallax">
    <h1>This header has parallax effect</h1>
  <p>Because vanilla JS is awesome and nobody should have to import a whole library when you only need to write 6 lines of code. Voilà.</p>

3. Style the parallax header using the following CSS. Set the background image for the parallax class as define below. You need to set the minimum height of the parallax container in order to display your background image.

.cd__main {
    flex-direction: column !important;
.parallax-wrapper {
  overflow-y: hidden !important;

.parallax {
  background-image: url('');
  background-size: cover;
  background-position: center;
  height: 250px;

/* Only for the pen */
html, body {
  margin: 0;
  min-height: 100%;
  font-family: sans-serif;

main {
  min-height: 500px;
  background-color: #2b2d42;

.parallax {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
  text-align: center;

.parallax h1, .parallax p {
  margin: 0;
  color: #fff;

p {
  font-weight: 500;
  font-size: 1.2em;
  max-width: 600px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 1.6;
  padding-top: 80px;

3. In last, add the following JavaScript function between the <script> and </script> tag before closing the body tag and done.

// Parallax effect
// Adapted from @ilonacodes article ->

// Update : added throttle to increase performance
window.addEventListener('scroll', throttle(parallax, 14));

function throttle(fn, wait) {
  var time =;
  return function() {
    if ((time + wait - < 0) {
      time =;

function parallax() {
  var scrolled = window.pageYOffset;
  var parallax = document.querySelector(".parallax");
  // You can adjust the 0.4 to change the speed
	var coords = (scrolled * .4) + 'px' = 'translateY(' + coords + ')';

That’s all! hopefully, you have successfully created simple parallax scrolling effect. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to comment below.

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