Custom HTML5 Video Player with JavaScript

Custom HTML5 Video Player with JavaScript
Code Snippet:Video Player - pure JavaScript A
Author: Gilmar Santos
Published: January 11, 2024
Last Updated: January 22, 2024
Downloads: 5,150
License: MIT
Edit Code online: View on CodePen
Read More

This JavaScript code snippet helps you to create an HTML5 video player with custom controls. It renders a custom play/pause button, progress bar, volume, and fullscreen button inside the interface of the video player.

How to Create Custom HTML5 Video Player with JavaScript

1. First of all, create the HTML structure as follows:

<div class="video-container">
  <video src="https://testerapidoteste.000webhostapp.com/DBZ.mp4" class="video" width="700"></video>
  <div class="video-controls video-controls-visibility--visible">
    <button class="control-item play-and-pause-video fa fa-play" title="Play or Pause"></button>
    <div class="progress-video-container">
      <input type="range" class="control-item progress-video" min="0.0" value="0.00" step="any" max="100.00">
      <span class="progress-time time-video">00:00</span>
      <span class="duration-time time-video">00:00</span>
    </div>
    <div class="audio-video-container">
      <button class="control-item volume-video fa fa-volume-up" title="Volume"></button>
      <input type="range" class="control-item slide-volume-video" min="0" value="1" step="any" max="1">
    </div>
    <button class="control-item fullscreen-video fa fa-expand"></button>
  </div>
</div> 

2. After that, add the following CSS styles to your project:

*,
*::before,
*::after {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;
    border: none;
    box-sizing: border-box;
}
:root {
    --colorBtnPrincipal: #D2D2D2;
    --rangeBg: #333;
}
video { max-width: 100%; }
button { 
    background: none;
    color: var(--colorBtnPrincipal);
    outline: none;
}

button, input { cursor: pointer; }

/*              VIDEO CONTAINER               */
.video-container {
    position: relative;
    max-width: 700px;
}
.video {
    max-width: 100%;
    border-radius: 5px;
}
.video::-webkit-media-controls, .video::-webkit-media-controls-enclosure {
    display:none !important;
}
/*              VIDEO CONTROLS               */
.video:-moz-full-screen + .video-controls {
    bottom: 0;
}
.video:-webkit-full-screen + .video-controls {
    bottom: 0;
}

.video-controls {
    display: flex;
    justify-content: space-around;
    align-items: center;
    position: absolute;
    bottom: 4px;
    left: 0;
    z-index: 2147483647;
    padding: 10px;
    width: 100%;
    border-radius: 0 0 5px 5px;
    background-color: rgba(0,0,0,0.3);
}
.play-and-pause-video {
    padding: 8px 12px;
    width: 40px;
    box-shadow: 2px 2px 3px rgba(0,0,0,0.5);
    border-radius: 4px;
    background-color: crimson;
}


/*              VIDEO PROGRESS               */
.progress-video-container {
    display: flex;
    align-items: center;
    position: relative;
    width: 65%;
}
.time-video {
    font-family: sans-serif;
    font-size: 16px;
    font-weight: bold;
    color: var(--colorBtnPrincipal);
}
.progress-time { order: -1;}

.progress-video, .slide-volume-video {
    background-image: linear-gradient(crimson, crimson);
    background-repeat: no-repeat;
    background-size: 0% 100%;
} 
.progress-video, .slide-volume-video {
    width: 100%;
    height: 10px;
    margin: 0 10px;
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    border-radius: 4px;
    outline: none;
    background-color: var(--rangeBg);
}


/*            ESTILOS COMUNS              */
.progress-video::-moz-range-thumb,
.slide-volume-video::-moz-range-thumb {
    width: 15px;
    height: 15px;
    background-color: var(--colorBtnPrincipal);
    border: none;
}
.slide-volume-video::-webkit-slider-thumb, .progress-video::-webkit-slider-thumb {
    width: 15px;
    height: 15px;
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    border-radius: 50%;
    background-color: var(--colorBtnPrincipal);
}
.progress-video::-moz-range-track, .slide-volume-video::-moz-range-track { 
    height: 0;
    background-color: var(--rangeBg);
    border-radius: 4px;
}
.control-item { font-size: 18px; }


/*              VIDEO AUDIO               */ 
.slide-volume-video {
    width: 60px;
    display: none;
    transition: display .2s ease-out;
    margin-left: -2px;
}

.audio-video-container:hover > .slide-volume-video{
    display: inline-block;
}


/*             MEDIAS QUERIES*            */
@media (max-width: 320px) {
    .control-item { font-size: 10px; }
    .progress-video-container {
        width: 60%;
    }
    .slide-volume-video { width: 40px; }
    .time-video {font-size: 10px; }
}
@media (max-width: 480px){
    .video-controls {
        justify-content: space-around;
        padding: 10px 0px;
    }
    .control-item { font-size: 16px; }
    .time-video { font-size: 12px; }
    .play-and-pause-video {
        width: 15px;
        padding: 0;
        background: none;
        box-shadow: none;
    }
    .progress-video { margin: 0 3px;}
    .slide-volume-video { width: 45px; }
}
@media (min-width: 1200){
    .video:-webkit-full-screen + .video-controls > .progress-video-container {
        width: 100%;
    }
}

3. Finally, add the following JavaScript code and done.

const $VIDEO = document.querySelector('.video'),
      $VIDEO_CONTROLS = document.querySelector('.video-controls'),
      $BUTTON_PAUSE_AND_PLAY = document.querySelector('.play-and-pause-video'),
      $PROGRESS_VIDEO = document.querySelector('.progress-video'),
      $CHANGE_VOLUME = document.querySelector('.slide-volume-video'),
      $FULLSCREEN = document.querySelector('.fullscreen-video');

function durationVideo() {
    let durationMidia = $VIDEO.duration,
        $durationTime = document.querySelector('.duration-time');
    $durationTime.innerHTML = transformVideoDuration(durationMidia);
    animationVolume($VIDEO.volume);
};

function progressVideo() {
    var autoProgress = $VIDEO.currentTime,
        $progressBar = document.querySelector('.progress-video'),
        $progressTime = document.querySelector('.progress-time');
    $progressBar.value = autoProgress.toFixed(0);
    $progressBar.setAttribute('max', $VIDEO.duration);

    $progressTime.innerHTML = transformVideoDuration(autoProgress);
    animationProgress();
};

function ChangeProgressVideo() {
    $changeProgress = document.querySelector('.progress-video');
    $VIDEO.currentTime = $changeProgress.value;
};

function animationProgress() {
    let percentageProgress = (($PROGRESS_VIDEO.value - $PROGRESS_VIDEO.min) * 100) / ($PROGRESS_VIDEO.max - $PROGRESS_VIDEO.min);
    $PROGRESS_VIDEO.style.backgroundSize = `${percentageProgress}% 100%`;
    console.log('progress: ' + percentageProgress)
};

function animationVolume(volume) {
    let animationVolume = volume;
    animationVolume = volume * 100;
    if (animationVolume === 100) {
        animationVolume = 100;        
    }
    $CHANGE_VOLUME.style.backgroundSize = `${animationVolume}% 100%`;
};

function transformVideoDuration(timeVideo) {
    let hours, mins, secds, time;
    hours = Math.floor(timeVideo / 3600);
    mins = Math.floor(timeVideo / 60);
    secds = Math.floor(timeVideo - mins * 60)
    return time = formartTimeVideo(hours, mins, secds);
};

function formartTimeVideo(hours, mins, secds) {
    let time;
    if (hours < 1) {
        hours = '';
    };
    if (hours < 10 && hours != '') {
        hours = '0' + hours + ':';
    };
    if (mins < 10) {
        mins = '0' + mins;
    }
    if (secds < 10) {
        secds = '0' + secds;
    }
    return time = `${hours}${mins}:${secds}`;
};

function playAndPause() {
    let $playButton = document.querySelector('.play-and-pause-video');
    if ($VIDEO.paused == true) {
        playVideo();
        $playButton.classList.remove('fa-play');
        $playButton.classList.add('fa-pause');
    } else {
        pauseVideo();
        $playButton.classList.remove('fa-pause');
        $playButton.classList.add('fa-play');
    }
};

function pauseVideo(){
    $VIDEO.pause();
};

function playVideo(){
    $VIDEO.play();
};

function volume() {
    let $changeVolume = document.querySelector('.slide-volume-video').value;
    $VIDEO.volume = $changeVolume;
    let $buttonVolume = document.querySelector('.volume-video');
    if ($VIDEO.volume === 0) {
        $buttonVolume.classList.remove('fa-volume-up');
        $buttonVolume.classList.add('fa-volume-off');
    } else {
        $buttonVolume.classList.remove('fa-volume-off');
        $buttonVolume.classList.add('fa-volume-up');
    };
    animationVolume($changeVolume);
};

function endVideo(){
    let $playButtonEnd = document.querySelector('.play-and-pause-video');
    $VIDEO_CONTROLS.classList.remove('video-controls-visibility--hidden');
    $playButtonEnd.classList.remove('fa-pause');
    $playButtonEnd.classList.add('fa-play');

}

function videoFullScreen() {
    if (!document.fullscreenElement && !document.mozFullScreenElement && !document.webkitFullscreenElement && !document.msFullscreenElement ) {
        if ($VIDEO.requestFullscreen) {
            $VIDEO.requestFullscreen();
        } else if ($VIDEO.msRequestFullscreen) {
            $VIDEO.msRequestFullscreen();
        } else if ($VIDEO.mozRequestFullScreen) {
            $VIDEO.mozRequestFullScreen();
        } else if ($VIDEO.webkitRequestFullscreen) {
            $VIDEO.webkitRequestFullscreen();
        }
        $FULLSCREEN.classList.remove('fa-expand');
        $FULLSCREEN.classList.add('fa-compress'); 
        } else {
            if (document.exitFullscreen) {
                document.exitFullscreen();
            } else if (document.msExitFullscreen) {
                document.msExitFullscreen();
            } else if (document.mozCancelFullScreen) {
                document.mozCancelFullScreen();
            } else if (document.webkitExitFullscreen) {
                document.webkitExitFullscreen();
            }
            $FULLSCREEN.classList.remove('fa-compress');
            $FULLSCREEN.classList.add('fa-expand'); 
        };
};

function controlVisibility(){
    setTimeout(function(){
        $VIDEO_CONTROLS.classList.remove('video-controls-visibility--visible');
        $VIDEO_CONTROLS.classList.add('video-controls-visibility--hidden');
    }, 10000)
    console.log('play')
};


//               EVENTS PLAYER

// EVENTS VIDEO
$VIDEO.addEventListener('loadeddata', durationVideo);

$VIDEO.addEventListener('timeupdate', progressVideo);

$VIDEO.addEventListener('play', controlVisibility);

$VIDEO.addEventListener('click', playAndPause);

$VIDEO.addEventListener('ended', endVideo);

// EVENTS VIDEO CONTROLS

$PROGRESS_VIDEO.addEventListener('change', ChangeProgressVideo)

$BUTTON_PAUSE_AND_PLAY.addEventListener('click', playAndPause);

$CHANGE_VOLUME.addEventListener('change', volume);

$FULLSCREEN.addEventListener('click', videoFullScreen);

That’s all! hopefully, you have successfully integrated this video player code snippet into your project. If you have any questions or facing any issues, feel free to comment below.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

About CodeHim

Free Web Design Code & Scripts - CodeHim is one of the BEST developer websites that provide web designers and developers with a simple way to preview and download a variety of free code & scripts. All codes published on CodeHim are open source, distributed under OSD-compliant license which grants all the rights to use, study, change and share the software in modified and unmodified form. Before publishing, we test and review each code snippet to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant the full correctness of all content. All trademarks, trade names, logos, and icons are the property of their respective owners... find out more...