Convert Image To Base64 using JavaScript

Convert Image To Base64 using JavaScript
Code Snippet:Convert Image to Base64
Author: Ankit Kothari
Published: January 19, 2024
Last Updated: January 22, 2024
Downloads: 633
License: MIT
Edit Code online: View on CodePen
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This JavaScript code helps you to convert an image to base64 format. It operates by allowing you to select a file using an input field, and upon selection, it transforms the file into a Base64 data URI. This code can be helpful for quickly converting files into a format that’s easily shareable and embeddable in web applications.

You can use this code on your website to enable users to quickly convert image and text files to Base64 format. This can be beneficial for reducing the number of HTTP requests, making your site load faster, and simplifying data sharing.

It also helps in embedding images and files directly in web pages without separate file downloads.

How to Convert Image To Base64 Using JavaScript

1. First, copy the following HTML code into your webpage. This code includes the necessary structure for file input and display of the Base64 data. Customize the HTML structure to fit your webpage layout, such as changing the button labels or adding additional elements.

<div class='kepala-base'> IMAGE<span> BASE64 CONVERTER</span></div>
<div class='wrapper'>
<br />
  <input type="file" id="files" class="inputFile" name="files[]" />
</div>
<!-- lightbox -->
<div class="overlay">
  <a href="#" class="close_overlay">x</a>
  <div class="output"></div> 
<br />
</div>

2. Now, copy the CSS code to style the interface elements as desired. Customize the CSS to match your website’s design.

/*  = body
----------------------------*/
html,body{
  background:#fff;
  position:relative;
  height:100%;
  margin:40px;
  font-family: Arial, "sans-serief";
}
span{
  color:#fff;
}
.kepala-base{
  width:95%;
  background:#555;
  border:2px solid #555;
  color:#fff;
  padding:20px 30px;
  text-align:center;
  font-size:20px;
  }

.wrapper{
  background:#454851;
  border:2px solid #555;
  border-radius: 0px 0 3px 3px;
  padding:30px 30px;
  display: block;
  margin: 0;
  width: 95%;
  height:200px;
  text-align: center;
}

/*  = input file
----------------------------*/
.inputFile {
  background:transparent;
  color: transparent;
  outline:none;
  cursor:pointer;
  display:block;
  margin:0 auto;
}
.inputFile::-webkit-file-upload-button {
  visibility: hidden;
}
.inputFile::before {
  content: 'Select File';
  margin: 10px;
  color: #000;
  display: inline-block;
  background: #fff;
  padding: 5px;
  width: 100px;
  height: 48px;
  line-height: 40px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration:none;
  outline: none;
  white-space: nowrap;
  -webkit-user-select: none;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-family: 'Oswald', 'sans-serif';
  font-weight: 300;
  font-size: 20px;
  border-radius: 2px;
  transition:all 0.2s ease;
}
.inputFile:hover::before {
  color: #eee;
  transition:all 0.2s ease;
}
.inputFile:active {
  outline: 0;
}
.inputFile:active::before {
  color: #FFF;
}
input:focus,input:hover{background:#454851}
.btn{
  margin:5px;
  color: #FFF;
  display: inline-block;
  background: #757D75;
  padding: 10px 14px;
  text-align: center;
  text-decoration:none;
  outline: none;
  white-space: nowrap;
  cursor: pointer;
  font-family: 'Oswald', 'sans-serif';
  font-weight: 300;
  font-size: 20px;
  border-radius: 2px;
  transition:all 0.2s ease;
}
.btn:hover{
  background: #4A6266;
  color: #fafafa;
  transition:all 0.2s ease;
}
/*  = lightbox
----------------------------*/
.overlay{
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  padding: 0;
  margin: 0;
  opacity: 0;
  visibility: hidden;
  width: 100%;
  height:199%;
  background:#757D75;
  -webkit-transition: all 0.5s ease;
  transition: all 0.5s ease;
}
.close_overlay {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  text-align: center;
  font-family: sans-serif;
  text-decoration: none;
  font-size: 40px;
  width: 50px;
  height: 50px;
  line-height: 45px;
  background:#F46B63;
  color:#fafafa;
  transition: all 0.5s ease;
}
.close_overlay:hover{
  background: #4A6266;
  color: #fafafa;
  transition:all 0.5s ease;
}
.show{
  background:#6C7767;
  opacity: 1;
  visibility: visible;
  z-index: 999999999;
}
.output {
  background:#8BA987;
  position: fixed;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  right: 0;
  margin: 5% auto;
  padding: 1em;
  width: 600px;
  height: 500px;
  overflow:auto;
}
.output ul {
  width: 100%;
  list-style: none;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 3px;
  display: block;
  color: #000;
  font-size: 13px;
}
.output ul b{
  color: #000;
}
.textarea {
  overflow: auto;
  width: 100%;
  height: 200px;
  margin: auto;
  margin-bottom:16px;
  display: block;
  border: 1px solid #ecf0f1;
  background: #ecf0f1;
  color: #7f8c8d;
  font-size:13px;
  font-family:monospace,sans-serif;
  
  word-break: break-all; 
  word-wrap: break-word;
  white-space: pre;
  white-space: -moz-pre-wrap;
  white-space: pre-wrap;
  white-space: pre\9; 
}
.thumb {
  display: block;
  width: 50%;
  height: auto;
  margin: 10px auto;
  box-shadow: 0 6px 6px -6px #000;
}

3. Finally, add the JavaScript code to your webpage. This code handles the file selection, conversion, and display of the Base64 data.

var img2data = (function() {
  'use strict';
  return {
    // this.qS(foo)
    qS: function(el) {
      return document.querySelector(el);
    },
    run: function() {
      this.convert(); 
    },
    convert: function() {
      // vars 
      var fls = this.qS('#files'),
          output = this.qS('.output'),
          overlay = this.qS('.overlay'),
          close_overlay = this.qS('.close_overlay');
      
      fls.addEventListener('change', function(e) {
        var file = fls.files[0],
            txtType = /text.*/, // all text files
            imgType = /image.*/, // all image files
            fR = new FileReader(); // fileReader start
        
        fR.onload = function(e) {
          // if text 
          if (file.type.match(txtType)) {
            var rS = fR.result,
                // template 
                render = '<a class="btn" href="'+rS+'" target="blank">Output</a><ul>'+
                  '<li><b>Name: </b>  '+file.name+'</li>'+
                  '<li><b>Size: </b>  '+file.size+'</li>'+
                  '<li><b>Type: </b>  '+file.type+'</li>'+
                  '<li><b>Data uri: </b></li>'+
                '</ul>'+
                '<pre class="textarea">'+rS+'</pre>';
            output.innerHTML = render; 
          // if image
          } else if(file.type.match(imgType)) {
            var rS2 = fR.result,
                // template
                tmpl = '<a class="btn" href="'+rS2+'" target="blank">Output</a>'+
                '<img class="thumb" src="'+rS2+'" alt="'+file.name+'"><ul>'+
                  '<li><b>Name: </b>  '+file.name+'</li>'+
                  '<li><b>Size: </b>  '+file.size+'</li>'+
                  '<li><b>Type: </b>  '+file.type+'</li>'+
                  '<li><b>Data uri: </b></li>'+
                '</ul>'+
                '<pre class="textarea">'+rS2+'</pre>';
            output.innerHTML = tmpl;
           // if not support
          }else{
            output.innerHTML = '<h1>Maaf file yang anda upload tidak mendukung</h1>';
          }
        };
        
        // on loaded add events
        fR.onloadend = function(e) {
          overlay.classList.add('show'); // add class
          close_overlay.onclick = function(){
            overlay.classList.remove('show'); // remove class
            fls.value = ''; // remove files
          };
        };  
        // convert to data uri
        fR.readAsDataURL(file); 
      });
    }
  };
})();

img2data.run();

That’s all! hopefully, you have successfully created a functionality to convert image to base64 using JavaScript. If you have any questions or suggestions, feel free to comment below.

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